موسسه تحقیقات، آموزش و پیشگیری سرطان
بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم    چهارشنبه ۱۲ شهریور ۱۳۹۳
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موسسه تحقیقات، درمان و آموزش سرطان
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لغتنامه اصطلاحات سرطان
  

Adnexal mass

تودة ضمائم رحم


A lump in tissue near the uterus, usually in the ovary or fallopian tube. Adnexal masses include ovarian cysts, ectopic (tubal) pregnancies, and benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer) tumors.
 

Debulking

توده‌برداري


Surgical removal of as much of a tumor as possible. Debulking may increase the chance that chemotherapy or radiation therapy will kill all the tumor cells. It may also be done to relieve symptoms or help the patient live longer. Also called tumor debulking.
 

Bias

تورش


In a scientific research study or clinical trial, a flaw in the study design or the method of collecting or interpreting information. Biases can lead to incorrect conclusions about what the study or clinical trial showed.
 

Edema

تورم


Swelling caused by excess fluid in body tissues.
 

Taurolidine

توروليدين


A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the family of drugs called anti-infectives.
 

Gluconeogenesis

توليد گلوكوز


The process of making glucose (sugar) from its own breakdown products or from the breakdown products of lipids (fats) or proteins. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in cells of the liver or kidney.
 

Helical Tomotherapy

توموتراپي مارپيچي


A type of therapy in which radiation is aimed at a tumor from many different directions. The patient lays on a table and is moved through a donut-shaped machine. The radiation source in the machine rotates around the patient in a spiral pattern. Before radiation, a 3-dimensional (3-D) image of the tumor is taken. This helps doctors find the highest dose of radiation that can be used to kill tumor cells while causing less damage to nearby tissue. Helical tomotherapy is a type of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Also called tomotherapy.
 

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor

تومور آتيپيك تراتوئيد رابدوئيد


An aggressive cancer of the central nervous system, kidney, or liver that occurs in very young children. Also called AT/RT and ATT/RHT.
 

Ependymal Tumor

تومور اپانديمال


A type of brain tumor that begins in cells lining the spinal cord central canal (fluid-filled space down the center) or the ventricles (fluid-filled spaces of the brain). Ependymal tumors may also form in the choroid plexus (tissue in the ventricles that makes cerebrospinal fluid). Also called ependymoma and ependymoma.
 

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

تومور استرومايي دستگاه گوارش


A type of tumor that usually begins in cells in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. It can be benign or malignant. Also called GIST.
 

Central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumor

تومور اولية نورواكتودرمال سيستم اعصاب مركزي


A type of cancer that arises from a particular type of cell within the brain or spinal cord. Also called CNS PNET.
 

AT/RT

تومور تراتوئيد- رابدوئيد آتيپيك


An aggressive cancer of the central nervous system, kidney, or liver that occurs in very young children. Also called ATT/RHT and atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor.
 

ATT/RHT

تومور تراتوئيد/ رابدوئيد آتيپيك


An aggressive cancer of the central nervous system, kidney, or liver that occurs in very young children. Also called AT/RT and atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor.
 

Glucagonoma

تومور ترشح‌كننده گلوكاگن، گلوكاگونوما


A rare pancreatic tumor that produces a hormone called glucagon. Glucagonomas can produce symptoms similar to diabetes.
 

Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor

تومور تروفوبلاستيك بارداري


Any of a group of tumors that develops from trophoblastic cells (cells that help an embryo attach to the uterus and help form the placenta) after fertilization of an egg by a sperm. The two main types of gestational trophoblastic tumors are hydatidiform mole and choriocarcinoma. Also called gestational trophoblastic disease.
 
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